As a patient undergoes prostate biopsy, he is said to be at risk for the complication of bleeding during the procedure and after the procedure.Bleeding is one of the possible complications of prostate biopsy. It is a life threatening and a serious condition. When left untreated it can lead to further complications and causing more serious health problem conditions.
Prostate biopsy basically punctures and damages prostate tissues or cells. Body tissues, cells and nerves – when punctured or damaged – cause tissue injuries, cell necrosis (death) and nerve damages. Prostate biopsy makes use of needles and scalpels (knife) to incise or excise the prostate tissues for cytologic examination. Needles, scalpels and incisions can cause bleeding because they cut tissues therefore they can create tissue injuries and wounds. If a tissue is being injured, cut or wounded it can possibly bleed. Bleeding occurs when there is a loss of blood in a given part of the body. When there is a loss of blood inside the body, everything else starts to drop. Blood volume decreases. When the blood pressure drops low, blood supply to other parts of the organs of the body will be insufficient. When there is insufficiency of blood supply in the organs for example in the kidneys, a person may have kidney failure. When there is also insufficiency of blood supply to the heart, heart failure may also occur. When there is heart failure, other parts of the body cannot be supplied by blood by the heart. Blood supply relatively needs the help of the heart for equal blood distribution. Having low blood supply to the heart cause cardiac dysrythmia (irregular heart beat). When there is a low blood supply in the body, blood flow to the brain is diminished. When there is a diminished blood blow to the brain, a person may put in a state called coma. Coma is a very critical stage. Coma can lead to irreversible brain damage and can further lead to death.
Everything in the body is interrelated, so when bleeding occurs everything will also be affected. Prostate biopsy is an invasive procedure, bleeding is always expected after the procedure. Before the procedure you are always asked to sign a contract that you are agreeing with the possible complications it can bring to your body. Doctors will advise you that prostate biopsy is a quick procedure, but without telling you in detail what it brings negatively. The pathophysiology is being discussed above, after you learn it please weigh the importance of the procedure and what it can bring to your condition. A procedure should be safe and should not put your life into a critical condition and state. It should exclude you from giving any possible side effects and complications.